iplant-globo-rural-2020

Noble wood, African mahogany becomes long-term investment with good returns

Cultivation is uncomplicated and wood can be cut without the need for authorization, says the association.

A crop that takes 20 years. And there is a farmer investing in it: it is African mahogany, which also produces in Brazil, in the savannas of Roraima and in the cerrado of Minas Gerais.

African mahogany is noble wood, a relative of Brazilian mahogany, which has limited planting and cutting as it is on the list of endangered species. Currently, the cutting of Brazil’s natural tree is allowed only by companies with certification and a management plan.

The planting of African mahogany comes to supply the demand for reclaimed wood, and has an advantage for not suffering from cutting restrictions and having good productivity.

At Ricardo Tavares plantation, in Minas Gerais, there are 500 hectares of African mahogany. He is one of the pioneers in planting the tree in Brazil and dedicated part of the area to a collection of 17 species, trying to demonstrate why he chose African mahogany in relation to Australian cedar, neem, ipe, jatoba, teak and Brazilian mahogany.

“Here it is clearly demonstrated that African mahogany has developed much more than the other wood species we plant here,” says Tavares.

Most of the African mahogany planting in Brazil today is between 5 and 10 years old. The tree grows to about 15 meters in height and then develops to the sides. Until it reaches an ideal measure for cutting: the tree should be around 1.5 meters in circumference.

When it comes to management, it is essential to define the spacing between the seedlings, one of the first decisions that the producer needs to take when implementing a forest area. It is this spacing that will define, in the future, the age of the cut and the volume of wood per hectare.

According to Tavares, a project like this, which takes 20 years to complete, costs around R $ 70,000 per hectare. He believes that in this plantation he will get 400 cubic meters of log per hectare – with the log price at US $ 400, the yield would be around US $ 160 thousand per hectare, which currently gives about R $ 800 thousand.

Pending the long-term return on this investment, Tavares maintains other crops, such as a coffee plantation.

Investment and management

Although time consuming, growing African mahogany is uncomplicated and can bring high yields. The wood can be cut without the need for authorization.

Despite this, financing for the forest’s initial investment can be complicated, as there are no specific credit lines in banks for this crop.

“The time he gets there [at the bank] and says, ‘look, my culture needs 18 years of financing’, there is a scare,” explains Patrícia Fonseca, director of the Brazilian Association of African Mahogany Producers. “The Brazilian financial institution is not used to this and does not like to take risks”.

Planting mahogany is considered simple. At the Boa Esperança farm in Minas Gerais, cultivation was carried out without irrigation, which reduces costs. “The implantation is R $ 6,500 per hectare. The strategy is to plant 25 hectares per year in a perpetual way. As it arrives at the time of the final harvest, we would close this cycle and replant 25 hectares there ”, explains agronomist Paulo Sabonge.

One of the few problems in planting, in terms of pests, is the borer. But trees are able to protect themselves by expelling a resin that protects the wood. According to the agronomist, the only strong control that is needed is that of ants.

Plantation in Roraima

The first African mahogany cultivation in Roraima is by the brothers Marcello and Eduardo Guimarães. Cariocas, they come from the technology area, but decided to invest in the field.

They have an area of ​​2 thousand hectares on the farm, totaling 1.8 million trees. The chosen area was a more arid region of the Amazon, very close to the state capital, Boa Vista, called in the lavrado region.

“We are in an area of ​​savannah, which is very similar to the savannah of the Central Plateau. These soils are chemically very poor, they are soils with low natural fertility ”, explains agronomist José Frutuoso do Vale Júnior, who is a specialist in soils and accompanied the implementation of the forest.

The region’s soil had to be built: first with a consortium of legumes and then some grass species, to increase the amount of organic matter. In addition, they needed to find a way to break seed dormancy and therefore invested in seedling nurseries.

The chosen species was Khaya Senegalensis, according to Marcello Guimarães is the one that best adapted to the region. “The condition here is very different. A lot of wind during a very big time, a very strong drought and, suddenly, a rain, which is a monsoon rain, it seems that the world is going to collapse ”, he says. “You have to adapt or the plant cannot resist”.

The brothers’ farm works with a partner, Anderson Gibbert, from Paraná, who bought land in Roraima at a low cost. Planting takes place on his land and this generates forest replacement credits, which can be sold to companies in the region that have unduly deforested and need regularization with environmental agencies.

The sale of credits helps in the beginning of planting. The landowner gets 20% of the income. “We receive, right after planting, in the range of R $ 1,200 per hectare in credit”, says Gibbert.

The proper cuts are expected at 6 years, 9 years and 12. The final cut is expected to be made after 17 years after implantation.

The farm has 27 employees working to sow seeds – 15 of them are Venezuelans. With the coronavirus crisis, the activity in the nurseries that prepare the seedlings was stopped for a month, but has already started again, with care such as distance and the use of a mask. No one was fired during the period.

Technology to accompany and plant

To accompany the growth of the trees, the brothers invested in a satellite monitoring system, which allows viewing on a tablet or smartphone.

A machine was also developed on the farm to plant 3,600 seedlings per hour. The machine removes the seeds from the tube and aligns the implantation on the ground, informing the system with GPS location capture. This allows for an inventory of each tree to make management plans and inform environmental agencies.

So far, R $ 12 million have been invested in the project. The mahogany that was planted in 2001, in an area of ​​18 hectares, and extracted now, is valued at R $ 2,600 per cubic meter. If you let the wood dry, the price triples.

The risk of fire and the future of the forest

In the plantation in Roraima, the greatest risk is fire, sometimes caused in a criminal manner.

To avoid the problem, producers test the agroforestry technique, which consists of a consortium of mahogany trees with manioc, bananas and other productive species. Agroforestry demands more constant work, so it reduces the risk of fire because there are people more frequently in the area.

The idea also benefits animals that live further away. Biologist Eliza Costa has studied the fauna of the region for two years and has already noticed the changes.

“We already found jaguar footprints, we found armadillos, giant anteaters,” she says, reiterating that this would be a lower plantation area, but that it has more life because of agroforestry.

For the brothers, the initial goal, to plant 40,000 hectares of mahogany in 10 years, is changing. They now want more diversity: combining mahogany with local trees such as jatobá, ipe, fig tree or taperebá. Mahogany grows and undergoes thinning, while native trees would be used to generate income from bioextracts, materials that can be used in laboratories and in the medicine industry.

In this way, producers are hopeful that African mahogany can be used to preserve Brazilian trees, taking some of the pressure off the Amazon today.


See the original article (in brazilian portuguese) clicking here.

 

 

 

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iPlantForest on TV SHOW

 

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28nov-blog-7

Mahogany Roraima Reforestation

The Amazon can receive a “real” planting of 500,000 to 1 million seedlings of native tree species in what may be the largest reforestation project ever undertaken.

Reflorestamento da Mahogany Roraima

And we are not talking about aerial seedbed, commonly called “muvuca”, propagated as capable of afforesting millions of trees, when it is scientifically proven that their seedling conversion rate is very low – less than 5% of seeded seed arrives. sprouting into trees, according to experts.

To enable large-scale reforestation, the company Mahogany Roraima – headquartered in Sao Paulo and branch in Boa Vista – is offering a partnership to owners of devastated areas that need to regularize their environmental liabilities. Mahogany’s director, Marcello Guimarães, explains that the company would commit to reforesting the partner’s area, in exchange for in the future sharing with him the exploitation of part of the wood (the percentage allowed by law).

Mahogany itself would promote the mandatory registration of the partner owner in the CAR (Rural Environmental Registry), which is the first step to obtain the environmental regularity of the property.

Required for all rural properties, the CAR is a nationwide electronic public registry that aims to integrate environmental information from rural properties and possessions relating to Permanent Preservation Areas (APP), Restricted Use Areas, Legal Reserves (RL), remnants of forests and other forms of native vegetation. The registry is a database for control, monitoring, environmental and economic planning and combating deforestation.

Once the devastated areas have been identified, Mahogany Roraima will be able to apply for funding for reforestation projects to the Amazon Fund, which raises, from developed countries, financial resources to preserve the world’s largest rainforest and thus help fight against climate changes.

Since its creation in 2008, the Amazon Fund has received more than R $ 3.4 billion in donations and has become the main national instrument for funding prevention, monitoring and combating deforestation, promoting conservation and use. sustainable development of the Amazon biome. Its resources currently support 103 projects by state governments and civil society to protect the forest.

Expertise + state-of-the-art technology – The fourth largest African mahogany production company in the world, Mahogany Roraima has developed its own structure and state-of-the-art technology to plant 200 hectares per day (4,000 ha / year) with just 39 people. A 100% automatic machine, designed by Marcello, simplifies and speeds up planting and even allows a planned distribution of native species, contributing to the development and preservation of biodiversity in reforested areas.

To ensure the quality of the seedlings to be planted, the company has just concluded a technical-scientific partnership with professors from the University of Viçosa, specialists in native seedling production and cloning, forest planting and soil recovery for planting. It is this team that currently runs a 100,000 ha reforestation project in the Doce River basin, which bathes areas of the states of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo. “We are specialists in fast planting, and they are the best in the world in producing seedlings,” says Marcello Guimarães.

Mahogany Roraima is currently presenting this solution for the recovery of devastated areas to the government of the State of Pará. It will then take it to all other states that make up the Legal Amazon (Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Rondonia, Roraima, Tocantins and Maranhão).

Contact:
Mahogany Roraima
(16) 98117-4920
https://mahoganyroraima.com.br/

See the original article (in portuguese) clicking here.

28nov-blog-6

Forest planting machine gives hope in fight against deforestation

Created by the company Mahogany Roraima, a forest planting machine has a planting capacity of 20 hectares every 3 ½ hours; One hundred machines would plant 1 trillion trees in 14 years – enough, scientists say, to stem the increase in the world’s greenhouse effect.

Annual deforestation in the Amazon, measured between August 1, 2018 and July 31, 2019, was 9,762 km², considered the largest for the period over a ten-year period and 29.5% higher than in the same period last year. of 7,536 km².

The data are from INPE (National Institute for Space Research) and were presented on Monday (18), in the presence of ministers Ricardo Salles (Environment) and Marcos Pontes (Science) and the interim director at the institute, Darcton Damião.

In order to accelerate reforestation in these devastated areas, Brazilian company Mahogany Roraima, the world’s fourth largest African mahogany producer, has created a 100% automatic machine capable of planting seedlings of various species at a speed of 13 km / h – or 20 hectares every 3 and a half hours.

And that speed can still improve. “We are working to improve its performance”, informs Marcello Guimarães, president of the company’s Board of Directors.

According to him, thanks to the machine, Mahogany is able to plant 16,000 trees in just 3.5 hours, with only three operators. “With ten machines we could plant 200 hectares of forest every 3 ½ hours. In a 24-hour cycle, we could plant 1,200 hectares per day or 438,000 hectares per year using just ten machines. “, Calculates Guimarães.

With 100 machines, then, in just 14 years, it would be possible to plant 1 trillion trees, which scientists say would be enough to contain the problem of greenhouse gas emissions on the planet.

“Today, the largest forest plantations in the world total an average of 42 million trees per year. At this rate, it would take 23,000 years to reach the number of plantations needed ”, exemplifies the businessman.

According to him, the only difficulty of mass planting – large-scale seedling production – could be solved by setting up nurseries in several states at the same time, mixing production into 50% native species and 50% exotic

“It would help solve the problem of felling native trees in the future, because we would be planting species that can be cut as well. The natives would remain in place forming the new forests, and the exotic, years after planting, could be cut down for the timber industry. This would solve two problems: the environmental one, which requires urgency to plant forests, and the illegal logging ”, he concludes.

See the original article (in portuguese) clicking here.

28nov-blog-5

Forest planting machine hopes for deforestation data

Annual deforestation in the Amazon, measured between August 1, 2018 and July 31, 2019, was 9,762 km², considered the largest for the period over a ten-year period and 29.5% higher than in the same period last year. of 7,536 km². The data are from INPE (National Institute for Space Research) and were presented on Monday (18), in the presence of ministers Ricardo Salles (Environment) and Marcos Pontes (Science) and the interim director at the institute, Darcton Damião.

In order to accelerate reforestation in these devastated areas, Brazilian company Mahogany Roraima, the world’s fourth largest African mahogany producer, has created a 100% automatic machine capable of planting seedlings of various species at a speed of 13 km / h – or 20 hectares every 3 and a half hours. And that speed can still improve. “We are working to improve its performance”, informs Marcello Guimarães, president of the company’s Board of Directors.

According to him, thanks to the machine, Mahogany is able to plant 16,000 trees in just 3.5 hours, with only three operators. “With ten machines we could plant 200 hectares of forest every 3 and a half hours. In a 24-hour cycle, we could plant 1,200 hectares per day or 438,000 hectares per year using just ten machines.”, Calculates Guimarães.

With 100 machines, then, in just 14 years, it would be possible to plant 1 trillion trees, which scientists say would be enough to contain the problem of greenhouse gas emissions on the planet. “Currently, the largest forest plantations in the world have an average planting of 42 million trees per year. At this rate, it would take 23,000 years to reach the number of plantations needed”, exemplifies the businessman.

According to him, the only difficulty of mass planting – large-scale seedling production – could be solved by setting up nurseries in several states at the same time, mixing production into 50% native species and 50% exotic “It would help solve the problem of felling native trees in the future, because we would be planting species that can be cut as well. The natives would remain in place forming the new forests, and the exotic, years after planting, could be cut for the timber industry. “We would solve two problems: the environmental one, which requires urgency to plant forests, and the illegal logging”, he concludes.

Source: àsClaras Comunicação

See the original article (in portuguese) clicking here.

28nov-blog-4

Forest planting machine hopes for deforestation data

Created by the company Mahogany Roraima, a forest planting machine has a planting capacity of 20 hectares every 3 ½ hours; One hundred machines would plant 1 trillion trees in 14 years – enough, scientists say, to stem the increase in the world’s greenhouse effect.

Annual deforestation in the Amazon, measured between August 1, 2018 and July 31, 2019, was 9,762 km², considered the largest for the period over a ten-year period and 29.5% higher than in the same period last year. of 7,536 km². The data are from INPE (National Institute for Space Research) and were presented on Monday (18), in the presence of ministers Ricardo Salles (Environment) and Marcos Pontes (Science) and the interim director at the institute, Darcton Damião.

In order to accelerate reforestation in these devastated areas, Brazilian company Mahogany Roraima, the world’s fourth largest African mahogany producer, has created a 100% automatic machine capable of planting seedlings of various species at a speed of 13 km / h – or 20 hectares every 3 and a half hours. And that speed can still improve. “We are working to improve its performance”, informs Marcello Guimarães, president of the company’s Board of Directors.

According to him, thanks to the machine, Mahogany is able to plant 16,000 trees in just 3.5 hours, with only three operators. “With ten machines we could plant 200 hectares of forest every 3 ½ hours. In a 24-hour cycle, we could plant 1,200 hectares per day or 438,000 hectares per year using just ten machines. “, Calculates Guimarães.

With 100 machines, then, in just 14 years, it would be possible to plant 1 trillion trees, which scientists say would be enough to contain the problem of greenhouse gas emissions on the planet. “Today, the largest forest plantations in the world total an average of 42 million trees per year. At this rate, it would take 23,000 years to reach the number of plantations needed ”, exemplifies the businessman.

According to him, the only difficulty of mass planting – large-scale seedling production – could be solved by setting up nurseries in several states at the same time, mixing production into 50% native species and 50% exotic “It would help solve the problem of felling native trees in the future, because we would be planting species that can be cut as well. The natives would remain in place forming the new forests, and the exotic, years after planting, could be cut down for the timber industry. This would solve two problems: the environmental one, which requires urgency to plant forests, and the illegal logging ”, he concludes.

Partnerships

Mahogany is already able to offer large-scale reforestation partnerships to owners of devastated areas that need to regularize their environmental liabilities. In this model, the company commits to reforesting the partner’s area in exchange for in the future sharing with it the exploitation of part of the wood (the percentage allowed by law).

Once the devastated areas have been identified through the CAR (Rural Environmental Registry), the company will be able to apply for financing of reforestation projects in the Amazon Fund, which collects financial resources from developed countries to preserve the world’s largest rainforest. and thus help in combating climate change.

See the original article (in portuguese) clicking here.