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La crise amazonienne donne un coup de pouce à la bio-économie

Des investissements verts sont mis en valeur, alors que des scientifiques tracent la voie vers une « Amazonie 4.0 ». Une PME créée par un Français, qui exporte de la pulpe d’açaí vers l’Hexagone, prépare l‘inauguration d’une usine de transformation de ce fruit d’Amazonie dès l’année prochaine sur l’île de Marajo.

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L’açaí est un fruit de l’Amazonie particulièrement énergétique, dont les rendements se situent entre 200 et 1500 dollars par hectare par an.

« S’ils rasent toute la forêt, je vais devenir milliardaire ! ». Pince-sans-rire, Marcello Guimarães est à la tête d’un projet de reboisement dans l’Etat de Roraima, en Amazonie. Il est l’un des nombreux entrepreneurs qui se sont lancés dans l’aventure agro-forestière et offrent une alternative à la déforestation . L’objectif de Mahogany Roraima est double : planter et vendre de l’acajou (africain) d’une part, et reboiser 10.000 hectares de zones dégradées d’autre part. « Il est possible de trouver des solutions de développement rentables pour éviter la destruction de la forêt », affirme ce scientifique installé depuis huit ans en Amazonie. « Il faut absolument donner une fonction économique aux gens qui vivent sur place. Le problème actuel de la déforestation, ce n’est pas seulement les grands propriétaires qui détruisent la forêt, ce sont les familles qui déboisent leurs parcelles de terres petit à petit, 60 hectares, 120 hectares… et qui vendent ensuite leur bois à un prix dérisoire, juste pour survivre. Et ensuite, ils mettent le feu pour faire place nette », explique Marcello Guimarães. Sur sa plantation d’un millier d’hectares, il a recours à l’intelligence artificielle pour « surveiller » l’état de la forêt et identifier l’apparition de maladies.

Industrie 4.0

L’avenir de l’Amazonie passe-t-il par la quatrième révolution industrielle  ? C’est justement la thèse que soutiennent les scientifiques brésiliens Carlos et Ismaël Nobre. « Il est possible de mettre sur pied des chaînes de valeur à partir de produits de locaux grâce aux nouvelles technologies de la quatrième révolution industrielle », avancent-ils dans un essai sur « l’Amazonie 4.0 », récemment publié dans la revue Futuribles (version portugaise). Il y a encore beaucoup à faire, reconnaissent-ils, car « l’Amazonie demeure dans une large mesure déconnectée des centres d’innovation technologique 4.0 et de la bio-économie ».

De l’acajou à l’açaí

Les frères Nobre citent l’exemple de l’açaí, un fruit de l’Amazonie particulièrement énergétique, dont les rendements se situent « entre 200 et 1500 dollars par hectare par an », selon le mode de production employé. Soit « le cas le plus éloquent de succès des produits agro-forestiers », soutiennent-ils.

C‘est sur ce créneau que s’est lancé le Français Damien Binois, fondateur de Nossa Fruits, une petite PME qui exporte de la pulpe d’açaí vers la France et prépare l‘inauguration d’une usine de transformation de l’açaí dès l’année prochaine sur l’île de Marajo. « C’est une région très pauvre, et on veut prouver qu’il est possible d’avoir une activité économique viable dans cette région, explique Damien Binois. L’enjeu, c’est de montrer que la forêt debout peut rapporter davantage que si on la rase et que l’on met des vaches à la place ».

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The hope of reforestation of the Amazon comes from Roraima

Amid worldwide concern about preserving the Amazon, the target of burning and deforestation, the Brazilian company Mahogany Roraima shows how it has combined recovery of degraded areas and sustainable economic development.

As the press and governments around the world turn their attention and concerns to indiscriminate burning and deforestation in the Amazon, the most concrete examples of how it is possible to combine accelerated recovery of degraded areas and economic development are flourishing.

Fourth largest African mahogany production company in the world, Mahogany Roraima, with a branch in Boa Vista, has developed its own structure and state-of-the-art technology to plant 200 hectares per day (4,000 ha / year) with only 39 people in one area. total 90,000 ha – the goal is to reach 2021 with 13,000 hectares of seedlings planted and, in ten years, 40,000 ha, creating the largest mahogany production company in the world.

On another front, the company is investing in a sustainable reforestation project that will rebuild a liability of 172,000 hectares of devastated native forest, producing timber that could generate future profits for landowners – they could harvest 20% of trees in reforested areas to management.

Until the time comes for logging, the company-funded Agroforestry project empowers small farmers to grow and market fruit and vegetables within forested areas.

Making money from reforestation and working conditions for workers to survive while preserving the environment as much as possible, Mahogany Roraima meets the main goals of the international booklet of sustainable economic development. Thus, it shows that there are alternatives amidst the chaos in which we live on the environmental issue. “Including regional alternatives. A hope for large-scale reforestation projects, ”says businessman Marcello Guimarães, chairman of Mahogany Roraima.

Operationalization

Mahogany Roraima has developed state-of-the-art technology for planting your seedlings: a 100% automatic “forest planting” machine created by Marcello that simplifies and speeds up the process. It also allows a planned distribution of native species, contributing to the development and preservation of biodiversity in reforested areas.

The planting is already being done by the company in the state of Roraima on two fronts:

· Reforestation in devastated areas, with agricultural partnership: the company plants in third-party areas, bearing the costs and, in return, gets carbon credits (*) and wood management in the future. The partner owner gets 20% of the value produced;

· Planting in own areas: with investments coming from specific reforestation funds, such as those in Norway and the Roraima government itself.

Mahogany Roraima’s total investment in the mahogany planting project alone should total R $ 487 million in ten years. The estimated financial return is R $ 14 billion over 40 years, considering amounts paid today by African mahogany: R $ 5,000 per cubic meter sawed (each hectare planted results in 150 m3 of wood).

Refugee Support

Another proof of the citizen conscience in moving Mahogany Roraima’s leaders is their participation in Operation Welcomed – interagency humanitarian action, conducted in Brazil by the Armed Forces, Government and Federal Police – which consists in intermediating the hiring of Venezuelan refugees by proven companies.

According to official estimates, more than 32,000 Venezuelans living in Roraima today have mass immigrated to Brazil via the Boa Vista border since 2015, fleeing the economic and political chaos of their country.

Mahogany Roraima currently employs 15 Venezuelans directly and 40 indirectly, in functions such as general services, cook, nurseryman, tractor driver, agricultural designer, among others linked to the planting of mahogany forests.

Through production in the Agroforestry, the company will also provide the Army every three months with enough food to feed 6,000 refugee families – 2,000 a month.

Promoting citizenship

And as part of its drive for sustainable economic development, the company has partnered with the Boa Vista City Hall and the Roraima State Government to create an environmental education project. Through the agreement, classes will be given within the company, visits to the seedling nursery, forests and agroforestry, as well as an educational and playful film. “We need to teach everyone why preserving forests and planting trees is so important,” concludes Marcello Guimarães.

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(*) REFORESTATION IS GOOD BUSINESS

The carbon credit market emerged from the Kyoto Protocol, an international agreement that set reduction targets – 5.2% on average compared to 1990 levels – in greenhouse gas emissions by developed countries.

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was then created, which provides for certified emission reductions. Once this certification has been achieved, those who promote the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions are entitled to carbon credits that can be traded with countries with goals to be met.

See the original article(in portuguese) by clicking here.

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Reforestation project generates hope in Roraima

Amid worldwide concern about the preservation of the Amazon, the target of burning and deforestation, the Brazilian company Mahogany Roraima shows how it has combined recovery of degraded areas and sustainable economic development.

As the press and governments around the world turn their attention and concerns to indiscriminate burning and deforestation in the Amazon, the most concrete examples of how it is possible to combine accelerated recovery of degraded areas and economic development are flourishing.

Fourth largest African mahogany production company in the world, Mahogany Roraima, with a branch in Boa Vista, has developed its own structure and state-of-the-art technology to plant 200 hectares per day (4,000 ha / year) with only 39 people in one area. total 90,000 ha – the goal is to reach 2021 with 13,000 hectares of seedlings planted and, in ten years, 40,000 ha, creating the largest mahogany production company in the world.

On another front, the company is investing in a sustainable reforestation project that will rebuild a liability of 172,000 hectares of devastated native forest, producing wood that could generate future profits for landowners – they can harvest 20% of trees in reforested areas to management.

Until the time comes for logging, the company-funded Agroforestry project empowers small farmers to grow and market fruit and vegetables within forested areas.

Making money from reforestation and working conditions for workers to survive while preserving the environment as much as possible, Mahogany Roraima meets the main goals of the international booklet of sustainable economic development. Thus, it shows that there are alternatives amidst the chaos in which we live on the environmental issue. “Including regional alternatives. A hope for large-scale reforestation projects, ”says businessman Marcello Guimarães, chairman of Mahogany Roraima.

Operationalization

Mahogany Roraima has developed state-of-the-art technology for planting your seedlings: a 100% automatic “forest planting” machine created by Marcello that simplifies and speeds up the process. It also allows a planned distribution of native species, contributing to the development and preservation of biodiversity in reforested areas.

The planting is already being done by the company in the state of Roraima on two fronts:

· Reforestation in devastated areas, with agricultural partnership: the company plants in third-party areas, bearing the costs and, in return, gets carbon credits (*) and wood management in the future. The partner owner gets 20% of the value produced;

· Planting in own areas: with investments coming from specific reforestation funds, such as those in Norway and the Roraima government itself.

Mahogany Roraima’s total investment in the mahogany planting project alone should total R$ 487 million in ten years. The estimated financial return is R$ 14 billion over 40 years, considering amounts paid today by African mahogany: R$ 5,000 per cubic meter sawed (each hectare planted results in 150 m3 of wood).

See the original article(in portuguese) by clicking here.

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Climate Action: Should we plant more trees?

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Will technology save the Amazon?

WHY YOU SHOULD CARE

In their battle against deforestation, farmers and business people are turning to technology.

Smoke still billows above the Amazonian canopy as Jaime Sales clambers atop a stack of razed trees. “Victory!” he exclaims, letting his shotgun drop as he surveys the battered forest around him. At the vanguard of a small team of armed environmental enforcers, the corporal with Pará’s environmental military police unit has ventured deep into the jungle near Altamira in the northern Brazilian state, which has been the site of persistent conflict over deforestation.

Sales’ reward is the seizure of the massive illegal timber bounty — a haul he estimates to be worth “millions” of dollars on the black market, most likely in China, the United States or Europe, say experts. “Today was a good day, but these environmental crimes never stop. There is a lot of deforestation,” he says.

Such successes for Brazil’s environmental authorities are rare. Under far-right President Jair Bolsonaro, who is a keen advocate of opening up the Amazon to commercial interests, these groups have been chopping down and setting fire to trees with gusto.

Although far from a record, the trends this year have been alarming: Figures released last week showed that the rate of deforestation last month was 222 percent higher than the same month last year. By some estimates, a football field worth of forest is razed every minute.

“WE WILL UNLOCK A GIGANTIC AMOUNT OF NEW INNOVATIONS AND NEW INDUSTRIES THAT WE CAN’T EVEN DREAM OF.”

JUAN CARLOS CASTILLA-RUBIO, CHAIRMAN, SPACE TIME VENTURES

Bolsonaro and his allies see the rainforest as a natural resource that should be exploited — especially in a country that still has so many people living in or near poverty. They view international concern about the Amazon as an ill-disguised effort to hold back Brazil’s development by rich countries that have already trashed much of their own natural habitats. But the furor over Bolsonaro’s approach has also focused attention on the disparate community of scientists, businesspeople and activists who believe that technological advances could help tackle deforestation by making the conservation of land economically profitable.

They see the Amazon as the world’s largest repository of biodiversity and the potential foundation of a multitrillion-dollar bioeconomy, if scientists have the chance to harness the genetic codes of its diverse wildlife. “[With sequencing] we will unlock a gigantic amount of new innovations and new industries that we can’t even dream of,” says Juan Carlos Castilla-Rubio, chairman of Brazil-based Space Time Ventures, a technology company that works on biomass, energy and water risks.

Some scientists fear the world’s largest rainforest, which plays a vital role in absorbing carbon dioxide emissions and keeping a lid on rising global temperatures, could be approaching a tipping point, past which it will not have enough trees to maintain its water-recycling ecosystem.

So far, some 17 percent of the rainforest has been razed. Until recently, scientists believed that the tipping point would arrive when 40 percent of the Amazon had been destroyed. But Tom Lovejoy of George Mason University and Carlos Nobre at the World Resources Institute believe the scales could start to tip when just 20 to 25 percent of the rainforest has disappeared.

“Given the physics involved and what we see in terms of action around the world, I’m afraid there will be runaway climate change leading to catastrophes like major crop failures, water scarcity and social unrest,” says Castilla-Rubio. “You can’t predict when or where it will hit the worst, but the signs are all in the same direction, which is irreversibility.”

Castilla-Rubio’s group is using big data and satellites to help farmers improve the output of their land and reduce the need to expand their boundaries into the protected rainforest. One such project involves using satellites to pinpoint and classify particular types of weeds, which can then be targeted in surgical strikes by herbicide-wielding autonomous drones. “If you know precisely where and what the weeds are, you can use one-thirtieth the input of [polluting] herbicides,” Castilla-Rubio explains.

Similar technologies are being adapted across Brazil by farmers conscious both of environmental sensitivities and the importance of making farms more resilient to increasingly extreme weather. “We know we don’t have more earth to open,” says Edwin Montenegro, a macadamia nut farmer, who is using biofertilization techniques to improve the quality of his soil and crops.

Conservationists view the reforesting of illegally razed lands as an effective — but time-consuming, expensive and often futile — strategy against climate change.

“It is like a life system, an entire body. You have to make sure the heart, the stomach, everything is in the right position,” says Marcello Guimarães, chairman of Mahogany Roraima, a commercial timber plantation in the northern Amazon.

Guimarães believes farmers must be convinced of an economic benefit from adopting new technologies. Using satellites to monitor his plots, he aims to increase planting from approximately 500 acres a day to almost 250 acres an hour. “If we can develop this as a business, we can [compete] with the deforesters,” he says.

That view is shared by the Amazonas Sustainable Foundation, a nonprofit providing local communities with opportunities in the production chains of cacao, nuts and fisheries. “We get changes by making people realize they can improve their livelihoods by the sustainable use of resources,” says Virgilio Viana, CEO of the foundation, pointing to a 60 percent reduction in deforestation in the areas in which they work.

Viana worries that the encouraging signals being sent by Bolsonaro to illegal loggers make the work of nonprofit groups more difficult. The president has publicly attacked the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources, and even accused nongovernmental organizations of being behind some of the fires in the Amazon region. “If the cost of illegality is reduced, it makes sustainable development less competitive,” Viana says.

Yet Luiz Carlos Lima, a federal public prosecutor in Roraima, an Amazonian state next to Venezuela, is optimistic that the situation in Brazil will improve as citizens become more aware of environmental crime and the risks of climate change.

“Brazil is a teenager right now. Europe is an old man,” Lima says. “Teenagers don’t respect the law.”

See the original article by clicking here.

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Climate Action: Should we plant more trees?

Ed Butler speaks to Professor Tom Crowther from the Swiss university ETH Zurich, who says planting billions of trees around the world is by far the biggest and cheapest way to tackle climate change. Marcelo Guimaraes, chairman of Mahogany Roraima, a commercial timber and reforestation plantation in the northern Amazon rainforest, discusses how that would work in practice.

Listen the podcast clicking here.

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The World’s largest African Mahogany Forest

Mahogany Roraima Forest – The World’s largest African Mahogany Forest

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Foreign companies invest in African mahogany plantation in Brazil

African mahogany has entered the business radar of foreign companies that want to invest in the forestry sector in Brazil. Two outside groups are in talks to start commercial planting with the tree, which has been nicknamed “white gold” thanks to the promise of long-term income.

In very advanced negotiations, Greenwood Resources, controlled by the American fund TIAA-CREF, is in the process of securing its leadership in African mahogany production in Brazil. Focused on investments in forest assets, the company plans to sow 10,000 hectares of African mahogany in the Unaí region of Minas Gerais. Greenwood has partnered with a 15,000-hectare local producer and will work on the development model – that is, the company finances production without ownership. The law prohibits the acquisition of land by foreigners in the country.

Greenwood has set as a schedule the planting of one thousand trees per year, with an average investment of R $ 35 thousand per hectare in the total 20-year cycle of the plant. Sought by Valor, the company declined to comment on the matter.

Another multiple studying a joint venture with a Brazilian native and exotic commercial tree planting company is African Mahogany Australia – currently the world’s largest 14,000-hectare African mahogany producer in northern Australia. Conversations, however, are still at an early stage, as a person familiar with the business.

On its website, TIAA-CREF states that investments in forest assets are a way of diversifying the portfolio, as well as providing strong protection against inflation compared to other equities or fixed income investments. The US fund has about $ 1.8 billion invested in forests, with an area of ​​340,000 hectares in North, Central and Latin America and also Asia.

In Brazil, Greenwood positioned itself in the forestry market with the acquisition of BrasilWoods Reflorestadora, owner of 11 eucalyptus farms in Mato Grosso do Sul and supplier of wood to Fibria.

Small by planted forest standards – the estimate, far from being accurate, is 28,000 hectares planted against almost 8 million hectares of eucalyptus area – Greenwood’s mahogany input is the most striking of a number of projects with the wood that pop up in the country. In general, low-risk, low-risk, liberal-professional initiatives to wait for the long 20-year cycle until the first cut. The wait, they say, may be worth it: African mahogany’s sawn and dry cubic meter for export traded at € 1,000 (FOB) in Ghana’s port on April 15, according to the ITTO report.

“It’s a business that has been getting attention,” says Patrícia Alves Fonseca, executive director of the Brazilian Association of African Mahogany Producers (ABPMA) in Belo Horizonte. Like the psychiatrist and best-selling writer Augusto Cury, who has 600 hectares planted in Prata (MG) and Ricardo Tavares, former partner of 3Corações, with farms in northern Minas Gerais.

Recently planted in the country – the first seeds came from Africa in the 1970s – African mahogany is characterized by its high strength and reddish color. It is widely appreciated for the production of furniture abroad, especially in the US, the largest consumer market for this type of wood. And unlike native mahogany, the target of predatory exploitation in the past, logging of African species is permitted by law.

The bets of Brazilian producers come down to two varieties: senegalensis and ivorensis. Plantations, until then more concentrated in Minas, are rising to the Midwest and northern areas of the country. This migratory movement made ABPMA soon decide to open a new regional office in Goiás to map investments and organize the sector.

Mahogany Roraima is one of those companies that saw potential in the Brazilian state for the rapid scalability of this mahogany. In Amazonia, the competitive advantage is to do without irrigation, says Urano de Carvalho, a researcher at Embrapa Eastern Amazon.

Founded by Marcello Guimarães, an IT entrepreneur, the company operates in the Boa Vista region and will complete 1,200 hectares sown this year. He is looking for investors to make him the sole African mahogany producer in the country, with 24,000 hectares in ten years. The trees would be intercropped with other species, such as cocoa, acai and banana. “The rain regime is ideal and the land is the cheapest in Brazil,” says the executive about why he chose Roraima. This done, its average annual revenue expectation reaches R $ 326 million.

Another reason investors are thrilled is that African mahogany is being grown in strange habitat. This freed him from his largest natural predator, the robust Hypsipyla moth, facilitating forest management and reducing the cost of production.

Rodrigo Ciriello, a partner at Futuro Florestal, a reforestation and sale company for native and exotic tree seedlings in São Paulo, says that caution is still needed. The few trees that have ever been cut down (those still from the 1970s) remained in the domestic market. “We don’t have harvest data to know the actual yield or how much it will generate on export. It’s still a start.”

“The first large wave of African mahogany cuts in Brazil will be from 2030,” says Mauri Abud, who began planting in Tocantins. It will be 1,200 hectares. “It will be for the daughters-in-law to fight”, jokes (Press Officer, 4/23/18)

Access the news on the website that published it (in Portuguese): https://www.valor.com.br/agro/5473183/empresas-estrangeiras-investem-no-plantio-de-mogno-africano-no-brasil

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Mahogany starts project with more than U$ 130 million in Roraima

Founded by entrepreneur Marcello Guimarães, who has made a career in technology, Mahogany Roraima has developed a project that, if all goes well, will lead to the planting of about 40,000 hectares of African mahogany in the country’s North State over the next ten years, which will require contributions of nearly R$ 500 million (+U$ 130 million).

Known for the creation of Visual Kit 5, which was one of Brazil’s best selling softwares, Guimarães arrived in Boa Vista in 2012. He raised pigs and cattle before betting on African mahogany, and is now accelerating the planting of new trees on land partners.

“We have recently completed the planting of 600 hectares in four days, and we are negotiating land with landowners in the region to increase the pace,” he told Valor. According to him, the project has been financed with the Forestry Replacement Credits that your company obtains with the planting and sells to those who need to compensate for deforestation.

According to Guimarães, the credits have been sufficient to finance investments of R$ 6 thousand per hectare, but the total cost for planting the area reaches R$ 17 thousand, and the trees only begin to be cut – and, therefore, to generate revenue – in 12 years.

“We are negotiating with investors from Brazil and abroad, but this is an always complex courtship,” he jokes. Meanwhile, he says, Mahogany has made agronomic agreements with Embrapa and universities and has been developing machinery to optimize planting work.

After sailing for 35 years in the waves of technology, Guimarães, with the African mahogany, affirms that it returns to the origins. Son of Marília Guimarães, a guerrilla who in 1970, with him and his younger brother, participated in the hijacking of an airplane and was exiled in Cuba, Marcello studied in an agricultural school on the island of Fidel Castro.

With its project in Roraima, it is eyeing a market that yields EUR 400 per cubic meter of African mahogany – whose average productivity reaches about 150 cubic meters per hectare – and could generate for the company an annual turnover between R$ 300 and R$ 400 million after sales start.

Access the news on the website that published it (in Portuguese): https://www.valor.com.br/agro/6316359/mahogany-inicia-projeto-de-r-500-milhoes-em-rr

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Fafá Pereira travels to play two Jiu-Jitsu competitions in the USA

Roraimense goes in search of a historic career achievement and returns with the conquest of the Grand Slam.

Roraima fighter Fabiana Pereira, Fafá, traveled on the morning of Thursday (15). The destination is the city of Las Vegas in the United States. The athlete will play competitions in the American city: the North American Grappling Association (NAGA) and the IBJJF Jiu-Jitsu Championship World Master. Fafá goes in search of a historic achievement for Roraima, which is to win the title of both events and to close with a key in Gram Islam.

NAGA is the largest mixed grappling tournament circuit in the world, with over 700,000 competitors. On Saturday (17), the event returns to Las Vegas, Nevada. Children and adolescents will compete first and then will be followed by the adult divisions.

Next week, August 21-24, he will fight in the IBJJF World Master Jiu-Jitsu Championship, the World Championship. The roraimense will try the two-time championship of the International Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Federation (IBJJF). If she wins this competition she closes the Grand Slam (when they win the four major competitions in the world) which will be a historic achievement for Roraima and Brazil as a female black belt Master.

Another historical achievement, but this one already won by Fafá Pereira, is the ceremony in which she will receive the IBJJF on August 24 for the first place in the world ranking. Two roraimens have already received the same honor: Luca ‘Hulk’ Daniel and Herbert Santos, in male. In the female category, Fabiana will be the first in the state, as black belt Master 1.

Fafá participated in 2018 of NAGA and won the belt of competition in the women’s black belt. This year will try to win again. She who is two years without losing a fight in any competition and remains unbeaten. The fighter spoke with Roraima in Tempo and spoke of the expectation of once again representing the state in world competitions.

“I thank all the people who support me and help me to participate in the competitions and who help to be always rising on the podiums and in the world ranking. I won the European Championship, the Panamerican and the Brazilian and I want the World Cup. So I will make several dreams come true. in this competition and achieving various goals, “he said.

The black belt also commented on the importance of receiving this great number one tribute from the world. “It is an important and grand title for our state and for sport and especially for women. It opens the door to this new generation that may be conquering and doing new things. I hope God will bless me with this achievement in my career.” I trained and prepared for this competition, I did my part and now let’s see what goes on “, he finished.

Access the news on the website that published it (in Portuguese): https://roraimaemtempo.com/ultimas-noticias/fafa-pereira-viaja-para-disputar-duas-competicoes-de-jiu-jitsu-nos-eua-,317091.jhtml